Gemstones are a precious or semi-precious stone which can be used in jewelry after detailed cut and polish. It is found in variety of colors, shapes, sizes and cuts. They are generally known to embody concentrated energies within themselves making them used for healing and to drive away negative energies. Gemstones are very expensive as they are becoming rare in nature. Also, the cost of mining is rising drastically resulting in natural gemstones harder to come by. The scarcity of rare gemstones is making its value shoot up constantly. Below are some of the most popular gemstones:

Ruby

Rubies are always found in two colors that is red and pink because of the composition of chromium in it. The most expensive ruby is the blood red ruby. These gemstones are mainly used in decorating royal crowns and other jewelry. Ruby is one of the most expensive and valuable gemstones.

Sapphire

The most common sapphire is blue, but sapphires can be pink, yellow, green, white, and even with multiple hues in the very same stone. This gemstone is blue because of presence of titanium and iron components.  Rarest of sapphires are found in Kashmir and Burma. It is a very desirable gemstone due to its excellent color, hardness, and luster.

Emerald

Known as ‘stone of successful love’, emerald produce soothing energy with healing powers. Some emeralds are more valuable than a diamond. They are green by trace amounts of chromium and sometimes vanadium inside them. Emeralds are part of a family of gems called Beryl and are mined all over the world including Central and South America and parts of Africa.

Taaffeiti

It is one of the most unfamiliar and rarest gemstones till date with a very little production. Major production areas are Sri Lanka, Madagascar and Tanzania. Taaffeites come in purple, blue, pink, brown green, black, neutral and red colors.

Black Opal

An opal is Australia’s national stone. This stone too is rare and expensive due to its scarcity. It has a dark body-color, often black or dark grey and sometimes found in dark blue or dark green body-color. It is classed as a mineraloid, unlike crystalline forms of silica, which are classed as minerals.

Musgravite

This mineral is found in Greenland, Madagascar, Antarctica, Sri Lanka, and Tanzania. Musgravite is a part of Taaffeite group of mineral and are generally discovered in green and grey-green colors. Due to very little difference in the magnesium content, it is very difficult to distinguish Musgravite from Taaffeite.

Alexandrite

Known to be the rising star in the world of jewels, Alexandrite consists of varied colors. Considered to be Friday’s stone, this is one of the rarest and expensive stone. The size of the stone determines it value. A top-quality natural stone costs up to 15,000 USD.

Other gemstones which cannot be missed out are Diamonds, Tanzanite, and Morganite.

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