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Basic Types Of Poems You Should Know

Basic Types Of Poems You Should Know
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Poetry is an art. Just like an artist has various colours on his palette, poetry has its own colour spectrum. It is one of the most honoured parts of literature that has kept mankind deeply in love with it. Its prominent followers are Slyvia Path, T.S. Elliot, Rabindranath Tagore, William Wordsworth, and many more. There are numerous types of poetry that help a poet express his emotions. Poetry is an unchartered beacon of expression for humans and many choose this medium to write what they feel. Scroll down to know the basic types of poems in literature.

Sonnet

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A traditional sonnet consists of 14 lines. It has a specific rhyme scheme, adding beauty to it. Some types of sonnet are Petrarchan(Italian), Spenserian, Shakespearean, etc. Petrarchan sonnet has two subdivisions- an octet (eight lines) and a sestet (six lines).

The most recognizable is Sonnet 18, which begins “Shall I compare thee to a summer’s day? Thou art more lovely and more temperate…” (See Image Above)

Haiku

Haiku
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The Japanese Haiku consists of four short lines of five, seven and five syllables with no rhyming. It is well known for its rhythmic pronunciation and syllables. It is a seasonal art that only a few masters. It is of Asian Origin.

“In the twilight rain
these brilliant-hued hibiscus –
A lovely sunset.”

-Matsou Basho

Elegy

Elegy
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It is a poem written to lament over death. It is a reflection on serious and grave matters. They are longer than traditional poems. They originated in Ancient Greece and were originally sung. ‘Adonais’ was an elegy written by Percy Bysshe Shelley lamenting over John Keats’ death.

Ballad

Ballad
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It is a long poem that consists of a narrative depicted through quatrains (four lines). It was originally written to be sung and to be performed with music. It is rhythmic. ‘The Rime of the Ancient Mariner’ by Samuel Taylor Coleridge is a famous example.

Epic

Epic
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An epic is similar to a ballad but rather a lengthy one. It narrates incidents of great bravery and valour of a hero or a mythological character. Like elegy, epic is derived from Ancient Greece. Some famous epics are Paradise Lost by John Milton, Edmund Spenser’s The Fairie Queen, and of course, Beowulf.

Limerick

Limerick
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It is a five-line poem with a rhyme scheme of AABBA. It is witty and serves best for nursery rhymes. This name is the result of the popular nonsense song at social gatherings, which includes the phrase “Will you come up to Limerick?”.

Free Verse

Free verse
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It is a modern type of poetry. It follows no rhyme scheme, metre, syllables, or line formation. It is abstract. The poet can shape the poem in a freeway. There are no restrictions. They still emerge with an artistic and poetic touch. ‘After the Sea-Ship’ by Walt Whitman is a famous example.

Concrete

Concrete
Image Credits – poetrysociety.co.uk

It is the type of poetry in which the essence lies not in the rhythm or metre but the visual form. It is also known as visual poetry. It originated in Germany and Brazil, consecutively. It remains a modern style of poetry. If a poem is about the waves, the visual form will be in the shape of the waves.

Acrostic

Acrostic
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In this type of poem, the 1st letter of the poem of each line forms a word. This word can carry the theme and essence of the poem. It can be a name or a season or anything you’d like it to be.

You may also like – Types of Novels in Literature.

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Written by Manvi Panwar

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