Tea is an aromatic beverage that is made by boiling tea leaves with hot water. After water tea is the most consumed drink. There are many types of tea and most of them originated from China.
There are many flavors of tea that are appreciated around the world like grassy, minty, sweet, fruity, vegetal ,etc. India and China supply 62% of tea around the world. Here we represent the description of top 15 types of teas around the world :-
Black tea was discovered in China and there it is called red tea due to the color of the oxidized leaves, black tea is always more oxidized than oolong, green and white teas and has a stronger flavor than other teas. There are two varieties of species from which black tea is made – the small-leaved Chinese variety plant and long-leaved Assamese plant which is traditionally mainly used for black tea.
This tea originates from China and is made from Camellia Sinensis leaves and buds which do not undergo the same withering and oxidation process as of oolong and black teas. There exist many types of green tea. It depends on the Camellia Sinensis used, its growing condition, horticulture method, production process, and many other factors are present. Consumption of green tea on a regular bases helps to improve health.
Barley tea is available in East Asian countries like Koreas, china, japan, and Taiwan and is slightly bitter with tasty flavor. In Korea, it is served either hot or cold and in Japan, it is served cold as a popular summer refreshment. It is a roasted grain-based infusion made from barley. It helps to improve constipation, prevent tooth decay, improves male fertility and also helps to lose weight.
Chaga is actually a fungus or a mushroom that grows on a birch tree. This is a mushroom flavored tea and one has to prepare it just by boiling the mushroom in water. This type of tea is mostly preferred in the Siberian region and has longevity benefits.
This is a typical Indian style tea which is prepared by adding basil leaves, ginger, milk, and black pepper to the tea and also sugar for sweetening. The herbs present is beneficial for health.
Matcha is a grounded powder of processed green tea leave and there are two main aspects of farming i.e. farming and processing. Here camellia Sinensis produced more theanine and caffeine. This tea has a grassy and vegetal flavor.
Oolong is a semi-oxidized tea that originated from China and is produced by withering the plant under strong sun and oxidation before curling and twisting. There are different types of Oolong tea and each one has different flavors. They can be sweet and fruity with honey aromas, or woody and thick with roasted aromas, or green and fresh with complex aromas, and all of it depends on the horticulture and style of production.
It is a tea made with chamomile flowers and hot water. Chamomile flowers are daisy-like flowers that belong to the Asteraceae family. There are two types of chamomile flower which is used-German chamomile and Roman chamomile. This tea has a flowery and bittersweet taste.
This tea requires minimal processing. It is made from merely dried leaves or buds and immature tea leaves which are picked up shortly before the opening of the buds and then it is allowed to dry in the sun. It is harvested mainly in china but recently it is also grown in Nepal, Taiwan, Thailand, Galle, and northeast India. It is made from camellia Sinensis and tastes floral and fruity and has a very little amount of caffeine.
It is a tisan that is made using the roots of the dandelion plant. These roots are roasted and then the tea is made out of it. Tea made with dandelion is very mild and has a floral taste and it also looks like coffee and many people use this as a coffee substitute. It has many positive effects on the digestive system although much of the evidence is anecdotal.
Mint tea is made using mint leaves in hot water, when this is made with peppermint leaves it becomes peppermint tea. In Korea, this tea is called bakha cha. This tea has curative effects due to the presence of essential oils in leaves.
The rooibos leaves are broom-like members of the plant family Fabaceae and it is also called a red bush. This tea has been popular in South Africa for ages and it is also called bush tea, redbush tea, red ted, etc. Nowadays it is popular worldwide. The taste of this tea is quite similar to hibiscus tea and also has an earthy flavor. It is mostly prepared as black ea and sometimes milk and sugar are also added, one can also add honey or sliced lemon. It is also served as espresso, lattes, cappuccinos or iced tea.
Yerba mate tea
This is a staple drink in South America made from the leaves of the species of holly tree which grows in the South American rainforest. Yerba mate was cultivated and used by Guarani people and some regions of southern brazil. Yerba mate can be found in various energy drinks on the market, as well as being sold as a bottled or canned iced tea.
This is a fermented tea that is quite similar to red wine and has a lot of live bacteria. It is a Chinese tea which tasted very bitter. It helps to improve health. Pu’erh tea is widely sold, by itself or in blends, with unsubstantiated claims that it promotes loss of body weight in humans.
It is made from leaves and roots of stinging nettle and it is the best infusion for health. It can be boiled with raspberry leaves, lemon balm, peppermint, lemon peel, vervain, and alfa. Nettle tea has a herbaceous, rich taste that some compare to an earthy, sweet version of seaweed.